Evolution of Change: Writing Progression

Level 5 – Eight Sentences — Topic sentence, three different points with specific examples, secondary information, conclusion.

The Chinese evolved in fields of governance, economics, and religion/philosophy over time. Early on, Liu Bang was a peasant that started a rebellion and overthrew the Qin, founding the Han Dynasty. Liu was Daoist, making the religion/philosophy of China Daoist. This, economically, means he kept the taxes low, live simply, leave army for defense, and let them farm and keep out of their way. Politically, Liu made the eastern side of China feudal, like the Zhou. He appointed his most trustworthy generals witht the fiefs, while the west side of China was bureaucratic like the Qin. As we saw before, the feudal states rebelled 50 years after. However, Liu Bang’s grandson, Emperor Wu, defeated the feudal states. China never changed its bureaucratic states. After Liu Bang, Emperor Wu took command. Emperor Wu adpoted Confucianism as the nation’s philosophy, and he idealized all Confuciust beliefs. His political ruling, a bureaucracy, and a Confucian based philosophy, kept balance between the rich and poor, and provided for a stable government for years to come. The economy during the time of Emperor Wu was hectic. The landowners started profitng themselves, and that forces the farmers to sell their land to keep up, and eventually going into slavery.

Next, Wang Mang takes the wheel. Wang Mang was a peasant, and grew up to be the leader of the Yellow Turbans, starting a rebellion against the Chinese government. This uprising was easily crushed by the imperial forces, but Wang Mang became emperor and Confucianism was still kept as the state philosophy. Wang Mang, with an effort to make all equal, seized all land and money and redistributed it equally to all. This effort to satisfy the poor, was a clear sign of early communism. This attempt failed, and Wang Mang evidently lost the Mandate of Heaven. And his successor, was not ideal either. The “Lame Emperor” was very childish and very stupid. Not much is known about this emperor, other than the fact that he was being controlled by his own enuchs because of his behavior. He did not do much, for the enuchs influenced him greatly, and his reign obviously didn’t last long. Ultimately, the fall of the Han Dynasty was the outcome of weak leaders, poor political decisions, a large rich-poor gap, and natural disasters even.

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Christianity in Rome

There were economic, political, and religious causes for the triumph of Christianity in the Roman Empire. First, some background information. Christianity is a monotheistic religion, believing in the one Lord God. There are different interpretations from Jesus’ Disciples, but they all come down to generally the same idea. Christianity favors the poor, which is key in why it was so successful in Rome. When the economy in Rome was failing, it was easy for the people to switch to Christianity when it promised entry into heaven if you were poor.

Some religious reasons were that some people were losing faith in their gods. It is easy to lose faith when something turns for the worst, and you ask your gods for forgiveness, but recieve none. With the introduction to a new religion, that also favored the majority of the population, it was widely accepted by the people, so Rome is now Christian. Some political points came from some of their political leaders. One, by the name of Gracchus, a plebeian tribune, was given the responsibility to keep the plebs happy. He introduced the idea of Christianity because it favored the plebeians,and was murdered for introducing socialistic ideas into the empire.

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Genisis vs. Enuma Elish

The Genesis and the Enuma Elish are two vastly different stories. The Genesis was written at the time when Jews were in captivity of the Babylonians. The Enuma Elish displays polytheism, whilst the Genesis depicts monotheism, and condemns polytheism with great punishment to follow. The one Lord God would punish you if you did not have faith in him. The Enuma Elish shows a group of gods acting together which eventually formed the Earth, while the single God formed this known world out of what seemed like nothing. Enuma Elish had created their world with violence taking place, and human emotion. While the Genesis had the one God create it with love and peace, even put Adam and Eve in an immortal sanctuary. In the Babylonian Myth, the primordial god/goddess is female. In the Genesis, it is male. This shows a slight slant of female dominance in the early making of the world for the Babylonians, which gives women a slight bit of respect in that time. In the Genesis women are depicted as evil beings that civilized men and kicked Adam out of the immortal sanctuary and caused all this madness because of her seduction as a woman. However, one similar thing with these two religions is that in the end, the males end up restoring order.

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The Matrix and the Allegory of the Cave

When I saw the Allegory of the Cave, it made me think. When people are brought up to something they would inevitably accept, it was hard for them to realize the truth behind what they grew up with. When one prisoner was released, he found out the truth. Reality. And when he went down to tell the others they were wrong, predictably they laughed. This is kind of like religion to me. As an example, I grew up with catholicism. I believed it unquestioningly, undoubtedly, never pestered about it. But thanks to my dad and older brother, they made me think about it. They made myself ask questions. “Does God actually exist? There isn’t any proof for any of this. There is no primary source of the events. Nothing makes sense here. Science proves all!” So from there on, I would question and question and question. The more I did, the more I lost faith untill ultimately I would never believe anything unless I experienced it. However, that case was special. Most people would tell you that you’re wrong, simply because they never dared to think about their religion. They were afraid they would lose faith and sin. However, I am different.

Both the Matrix and the Allegory of the Cave are examples of this kind of situation. They grew up in the cave, and believed the shadows were all that was there. The Matrix is similar. The character believes he lived in reality the entire time. However, he was really in another world in the future. Since he was brought up like this before, he refused to accept what was reality at first. Unfortunately, many people in this world do not have the courage to question. When people question in history, they were often executed. People did not want to be disproven of their beliefs because simply they could not handle the fact that what they thought was reality was a lie the entire time.

If I had to choose who I would be in those videos, I would be the prisoner that was released. I too had believed completely what I was born into and influenced into. Once I saw reality and questioned what I had been told, that made me different, but I acquired a new kind of information. A new theme of thinking, and now I am grateful for my decision to doubt my God and everything else that didn’t make sense but just accepted anyway. It made me a better thinker, and changed who I am today.

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Superior of the Three Civilizations

There are many arguments about who was the superior civilization in terms of the Mesopotamians, the Greeks, and the Jews. As it stands, we are looking at who is best for the human well-being in terms of the happiness of women, goodness of nature, the body and love, and people’s feelings towards the gods. The following paragraphs contain an analytical explanation for each civilizations’ ratings.

In terms of the goodness of nature, love, the body, ect, I must say the Jews win this one. They win the battle with their ten commandments. If you don’t know them, google it. I’m not wasting this paragraph so you know what they are about. Anyway, in some commandments they explain the wrongs to stealing, adultery, worshiping their god, murder, respect for others and your parents, ect. These moral values keep society in order, and peace dominant over evil. Second place goes to the Greeks with the Iliad. They have gods and goddesses for everything they see important like sleep, love, nature, sea, blah blah blah. And all these gods and goddesses are worshipped and act just like us. They are mischievous, dirty, and have senses of humor. Human characteristics. And last, goes the Gilgamesh for the Mesopotamians. I did not see an evident understanding for the world around them, love and the respect for the body in the Gilgamesh. And if there was any, it cannot compare to the care in the Genesis: Ten Commandments or the Iliad.

Next topic: Women’s Happiness. I would have to give the victory to the Mesopotamians in the Gilgamesh. They had a goddess of love, Ishtar, and a female goddess created man. In the story of Enkidu and Shamhat, a goddess helped Enkidu, making the image of women greater than the others. In Hammurabi’s laws, although it isn’t as cheerful to women as it is in the Ten Commandments or other laws with the Greeks, it isn’t terrible. And We’ll compare that right now. In second, comes the Greeks in the Iliad. They have several female goddesses with male gods. They are viewed as seductive and treacherous, but it is much better than the Jews with Genesis. In the Genesis, the concept of a female goddess is completely tossed aside. When God created Adam, he let him into the Garden of Eden. Then, God populated the earth with animals for Adam to name. Adam was among these animals, naked and wild. Then, the last thing he created was a woman. He put sleep upon Adam, took one of his ribs and made it into a woman, which he named. This is a clear sign that women are only as good as a tiny bit of a man. That they are lesser. Adam gets tossed out of the garden with the help of the woman. She civilized him, and to God, this was punishment, giving women a bad name in the Genesis.

The last thing we will discuss in in this blog is how the people think the gods act towards them. Like if they believe the gods truly watch over them and care for them or not. The winner of this category would have to be the Jews. Their god was said to be extremely forgiving and kind-hearted to all. He was said to love all living things and that all his creatures deserved to live. People wouldn’t have to sacrifice or perform rituals to please their god. Never had to worry if he was angry at them. They knew he still loved them. In second place, I would give it to the Greeks. The story of the Trojan War in the Iliad proved they loved their people, and would do anything to aid their little friends. Like how Hera went through so much just to protect her people’s ships from being burned. They pay attention to the humans very intently, and have feelings towards them. And in last, the great Gilgamesh. We heard stories about their gods, but the only interaction they really talked about was when their god unleashed a mighty flood of death and destruction upon their civilization. They performed sacrifices up on a ziggurat to make sure they were satisfied, which proves the people kind of feared their gods, not loved them.

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Adam and Eve, with the Garden of Eden

With the creation of man and woman, the Lord God created the garden of Eden. He said the humans could eat from any tree they would like, except the tree of knowledge, good and evil. When the serpent tricked the woman into eating an apple from the tree, the man did the same. When the Lord God realized this, he was not very happy. The humans started to be embarassed about their nudity. They wore clothes and were self aware. More from what they used to be. This apple seemed to have given the humans the kind of emotion that us humans have today. I think it is strange how the woman is the one that messed it up for Adam and Eve, and it was she who was seduced into breaking the Lord God’s rule. This speaks to me. It says again about the inferior situation of women. In the story of Endiku and Shamhat, a female goddess created the man. In the story of Adam and Eve, a male god created the man. This is one of the first steps in conquering the women and proving the male gender dominant.

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Fall of Women, Rise of Man

The topics discussed in the conversation opened my eyes to something. The very first civilization believed women to be equally important, and have equal respect and opportunites than men did. They could be priestesses, they could do many things men could do. When Sumer was captured by the Akkadians, the Gilgamesh was saved. When they were conquered by the Babylonians, they also kept the Gilgamesh. Back in Sumer, Priests and Agriculture were leaders in the civilization over kings. However, once Sargon came along, a military leader that captured the entire city, he became significant. Being able to take over a city and win wars for your land was a brutal job. And no woman was believed to be able to do such. So a man was assumed to the position, which is the first step in the fall of women.

Women civilized us. So we were told. In the stories of Endiku and Shamhat, or Adam and Eve, both stories include a women having sex with a wild man. Both stories have negative consequences for the actions. In the story of Endiku and Shamhat, Shamhat changed Endiku from an animal to a comepletely civilized man. The gods frown upon this civilized theme. After Sargon captured Sumer and men started becoming more important, they religion changed a bit. Before, in the story with Endiku, a goddess created him. In the story of Adam and Eve, a male god created him. In all aspects, the women were deemed a future of lesser importance and lower-class opportunities. They were expected to listen to the man, and follow his instructions.

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Sexism and the Gilgamesh

It is amazing how since the dawn of modern humans, we have always thought women to be inferior. As stated in all other religions, all the holy books state such material regarding women being of lower-class. What struck me was when “God” created all the animals of the world. Adam was to name all of them. After naming all of the animals, he was given a woman. He named it “Woman.” Women, like the animals, were subject to Adam, revealing an early anti-female bias.

The Gilgamesh

Many of you may be choosing this, but I need to emphasize how import this piece of history around this book. A lot of stories told to be true in their own religions derived from the Gilgamesh. Like Noah’s Ark, for example, was pretty much stolen from the Gilgamesh. Many other examples prove this point. Which basically is screaming at you that every religion on this planet is all from one. And that one religion is kind of hard to believe in my opinion. The illustration of polytheism in the Gilgamesh immediately goes against my beliefs. So it is save for me to say, I have been Atheist for a long time, but I never knew it went back to such a level. That brings me to one thing: There is either many gods in this world or there are none. That really makes you think about your own religion. I hope it does, because this can answer many questions about your religion.

In conclusion, I have realized that almost all of our modern day beliefs and prejudices trace back to when all these social beliefs and prejudices were introduced to the public. We don’t know this, but through history we have been following the example set by the early civil leaders. We think women as inferior because of what happened from the dawn of human kind. We have so many diverse religions because of the influence of one, single religion from the first civilization in the world. Everything came from a time back then, and we are only just realizing how much more there is to discover.

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