Level 5 – Eight Sentences — Topic sentence, three different points with specific examples, secondary information, conclusion.
The Chinese evolved in fields of governance, economics, and religion/philosophy over time. Early on, Liu Bang was a peasant that started a rebellion and overthrew the Qin, founding the Han Dynasty. Liu was Daoist, making the religion/philosophy of China Daoist. This, economically, means he kept the taxes low, live simply, leave army for defense, and let them farm and keep out of their way. Politically, Liu made the eastern side of China feudal, like the Zhou. He appointed his most trustworthy generals witht the fiefs, while the west side of China was bureaucratic like the Qin. As we saw before, the feudal states rebelled 50 years after. However, Liu Bang’s grandson, Emperor Wu, defeated the feudal states. China never changed its bureaucratic states. After Liu Bang, Emperor Wu took command. Emperor Wu adpoted Confucianism as the nation’s philosophy, and he idealized all Confuciust beliefs. His political ruling, a bureaucracy, and a Confucian based philosophy, kept balance between the rich and poor, and provided for a stable government for years to come. The economy during the time of Emperor Wu was hectic. The landowners started profitng themselves, and that forces the farmers to sell their land to keep up, and eventually going into slavery.
Next, Wang Mang takes the wheel. Wang Mang was a peasant, and grew up to be the leader of the Yellow Turbans, starting a rebellion against the Chinese government. This uprising was easily crushed by the imperial forces, but Wang Mang became emperor and Confucianism was still kept as the state philosophy. Wang Mang, with an effort to make all equal, seized all land and money and redistributed it equally to all. This effort to satisfy the poor, was a clear sign of early communism. This attempt failed, and Wang Mang evidently lost the Mandate of Heaven. And his successor, was not ideal either. The “Lame Emperor” was very childish and very stupid. Not much is known about this emperor, other than the fact that he was being controlled by his own enuchs because of his behavior. He did not do much, for the enuchs influenced him greatly, and his reign obviously didn’t last long. Ultimately, the fall of the Han Dynasty was the outcome of weak leaders, poor political decisions, a large rich-poor gap, and natural disasters even.